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It was only natural that Sir John A. Macdonald should name Sir Adams George Archibald to the first all-Canada cabinet that took office on July 1, 1867. Archibald had been prominent at all three pre-Confederation meetings in Charlottetown, Quebec and London. So there was no surprise when he became Macdonald's Secretary of State. However, the electors of Colchester, N.S., thought otherwise and voted for Archibald's opponent in the first general election that year. It took two years before Archibald finally won a seat through a by-election.

Archibald, born in Truro, on May 18, 1814, came from a famed legal family that provided high court judges in Britain, Canada and Nova Scotia. Later in life, he too, became a judge in his home province. In the interval he had been in and out of the House of Commons and he had been the first effective lieutenant-governor of the Northwest Territories (now the three Prairie Provinces and the territories).

 On the death of Joseph Howe, he became lieutenant-governor of Nova Scotia and held the post for ten years but eventually retired to re-enter the Commons in 1888. He stayed there until 1891 when ill health forced him out. He died at Truro, Dec. 14, 1892.