Canada History

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Prehistory | 2 Worlds Meet | New France | England Arrives | Clash of Empires | Revolution | British America | Reform/Revolt | Responsible Government | Confederation | Nation Building | Laurier | The Great War | Roaring 20's | Great Depression | WWII | The Peace | Cold War | Trudeau | PC's in Power | Modern Canada

A New France | The Iroquois  | English Invasion | Peace | Seigneiurial System | The Kings Girls | Canadian Identity | Society | Government | The Church | Champlain | Frontenac | Acadia | The Fall

The establishment of the colony of New France began with the arrival of French settlers. They built forts, houses, began to exploit the surrounding area for resources that could be sent back to Europe for trade and attempted to produce enough. They were Europeans, born in France with all the attitudes and characteristics of the French. The fur trade became the dominate industry in the colony and many if not most of the young men would disappear into the woods during a good part of the year engaged in collecting furs through trade of the native Indians. They became known as the courier de bois or runners of the woods.  

As the settlers spent time in New France and as the colony matured and began to produce its own babies, a generation of young people emerged with now real knowledge of France. By the 1660's the King had taken over the administration of the colony and settlement became a focal point of the development of New France. They knew the St Lawrence, the wilderness, the dangers of the Iroquois. They grew up in a different world, a new world which was partially French and partially North American.

They created their own songs, traditions, games, activities and way of life unique to North America. The habitants began to see New France as their homeland and allegiance to Europe began to weaken. By the time of the British conquest in 1760-63, they had crafted the French Canadian culture that could stand on its own without help from the mother country and that unique individual culture has survived into the 21st century.